The primary purpose of military mining can be defined as the digging of mine shafts, tunnels and underground chambers, in order to place explosives directly beneath enemy trenches and strong points, powerful enough to destroy them.
The tunnel for the Lochnagar mine was started on 11 November 1915 by 185 Tunnelling Company, but was completed by 179 Tunnelling Company who took over in March 1916.
Facing Lochnagar, eight successive waves of infantrymen of the 34th Division stood up from their trenches, and in straight lines prescribed, officers in front as ordered, set off at a walk to attack the German front line trenches.
The Lochnagar Crater is remarkable for many reasons and to this day it is the largest crater ever made by man in anger. At the time it was, and remains still, a truly awe-inspiring and powerfully evocative sight.
The 20 ‘Labyrinth’ panels lead visitors on an emotional journey around the Crater. They relate the story of the Crater itself and the experiences of some of the men who suffered in the battle.
The Lochnagar Crater is pleased to be host to several unique memorials from a diverse range of causes. We are proud to offer pilgrims a place to pause and reflect in a now peaceful setting.